Patchak; suits under the APA must satisfy both Article III's standing requirement and be arguably within the zone of interests protected or regulated by the violated statute. Harris; Amending agency interpretation; when agency gives regulation a definitive agency interpretation, significant revisions require notice and comment under the APA. Duff & Phelps, Inc.; If a closely held company withholds from an employee-stockholder material information about possible increases in stock value in breach of its fiduciary duty, the employee-stockholder may be entitled to damages. M & F Worldwide Corp.; business judgment standard of review governs going private mergers with a controlling stockholder if independent special committee and informed vote of a majority of the minority stockholders. Oklahoma Alcoholic Beverage Laws Enforcement Commission; the type of business entity chosen may affect the types of business that can be conducted by the entity if it affect the licenses the entity may obtain. Ritter; In the absence of red flags alerting corporate directors to misconduct, good faith is measured by the directors' actions to assure that a reasonable reporting and information system exists. Underwriters performing a due-diligence investigation of two bond offerings by World Com, had a limited number of conversations with the stock issuer and its auditor, made only cursory inquiries, failed to look behind formulaic answers to questions. Colkitt; Under § 29(b) of the Securities Act of 1934, party may rescind contract that, when made or as performed, violates federal securities laws; convertible debenture; debenture; rescission; scienter. National Australia Bank, Ltd.; Subject matter jurisdiction in a fraud case exists if conduct in the United States was more than merely preparatory to fraud, and directly caused losses to foreign investors abroad; extraterritorial jurisdiction Business Roundtable v. WPCS Int'l Inc; A beneficial owner's acquisition of securities directly from an issuer, at the issuer's request and with the board's approval, is a "purchase" of those securities under Section 16(b). Right against self incrimination; right to counsel. Administrative Prodecure Act National Park Hospitality Ass'n v. Ahmanson & Co.; Majority shareholders have a fiduciary responsibility to the minority and to the corporation to control the corporation in a fair, just, and equitable manner. Under the safe-harbor provision of 27A of the Securities and Exchange Act, forward-looking statements must be accompanied by meaningful cautionary statements that adequately identify important factors that could cause actual results to differ. SEC; The Securities and Exchange Commission must consider efficiency, competition, and capital formation, and failure makes promulgation of the proposed rule arbitrary and capricious. accused who expresses a desire to deal only through counsel does not waive that right merely by responding to further police-initiated questioning unless accused initiates further communication. A security interest may attach if the debtor has rights in the collateral, but there is no requirement that the debtor own the collateral. Disbar for alcohol abuse; detection and prevention of alcohol and substance abuse in the legal profession; alcoholic lawyer; disbarment for drug abuse; attorney ethics violation; ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct; lawyer legal ethics; CLE. If defendant plea of guilty is based on reasonably competent advice, it is intelligent plea not open to attack on the ground defendant counsel may have misjudged admissibility of defendant confession. When a prospective juror harbors preconceived notions of defendant guilt that cannot be set aside by consideration of the evidence, the juror must be dismissed for cause to ensure an impartial jury. When the evidence discloses any possibility that a juror views arise from the sufficiency of government evidence, disqualification must be denied. Disbar for alcohol abuse; attorney substance abuse; attorney ethics violation; ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct; lawyer legal ethics and professional responsibility; CLE; Continuing Legal Education. Jaffari; a limited liability company is bound by the operating agreement signed by some members and that defines the LLC's governance and operation, even if the LLC itself did not sign. Geist; A manager of an LLC has the apparent authority to bind the LLC when he executes in its name an instrument for carrying on, in the usual way, its business or affairs. peremptory challenge; batson challenge; strike in camera. However, ADHD is no joke - it is a pervasive disorder that an estimated 4% of adults manage every day.Like other disabilities, ADHD can vary in severity from mild to seriously debilitating, and can impact individuals in different ways in virtually every area of life - from social relationships, to self-care, to employment.To qualify, you, as an employee, must “satisfy the skill, experience, education, and other job-related requirements of the position sought or held, [must be able to] perform the essential job functions of the position, with or without reasonable accommodation. Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Multi-level protection of executive officers from removal is contrary to Article II of the Constitution's vesting of the executive power in the President; Sarbanes-Oxley; inferior officers Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians v. Thomas; when services provided by shareholders and their counsel result in a financial benefit to the corporation, they are entitled to a fair fee. Underwriters performing a due-diligence investigation of two bond offerings by World Com, had a limited number of conversations with the stock issuer and its auditor, made only cursory inquiries, failed to look behind formulaic answers to questions. First Derivative Traders; For purposes of Rule 10b-5, the maker of a false statement is the person who has the ultimate authority over the statement, including content and distribution. Independent source doctrine applies to both evidence obtained for the first time during independent lawful search, and also to evidence initially discovered during, or as consequence of unlawful search, but later discovered independently. A buyer of goods, who gives value for the goods and receives them after the certificate of title is issued, takes the goods free of a security interest perfected in another jurisdiction.
Marshall; bankruptcy judges are not constitutionally vested with jurisdiction to decide state common law claims against an entity that is not otherwise part of the bankruptcy proceedings; Northern Pipeline; Norberg. Ickes; the border search doctrine is not subject to a First Amendment exception; the government's interest in preventing the entry of unwanted persons and effects is at its zenith at the international border Employee handbooks; employee manual; human resources; anti-fraternization policy; workplace romance; non-fraternization policy; anti-fraternization policies; employee rights; dating a coworker; coworker relationships; employment lawyer. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act; the allegations in the complaint, taken together, must give rise to an inference of scienter, which requires that the defendant made false statements, knowing that they were false. Makor Issues & Rights, Ltd.; Private Securities Litigation Reform Act survives motion to dismiss only if reasonable person would deem inference of scienter cogent and at least as compelling as any opposing inference; scienter. Criminal defendant due process rights are violated if the prosecutor charges defendant with a more serious crime after defendant exercises statutory right to challenge conviction for less serious offense arising from the same conduct. a criminal defendant in federal court is not entitled to a dismissal of the indictment because the prosecutor failed to present to the grand jury substantial exculpatory evidence. no need for severance exists until a defendant makes a convincing showing that he has both important testimony to give concerning one count and a strong need to refrain from testifying on the other. A bank or other institution that receives a check for deposit has a duty to exercise due care to make sure that the depositor is the intended recipient of the funds.
What is ethical; business ethics; ethical issues; ethics requirements; ethical responsibility; ethical standards; attorney ethics and professional responsibility; legal ethics; mandatory ethics CLE; ethics class; ethical businesses. Energy Systems, Inc.; mere congregation of a corporation's directors in same room does not necessarily result in a board meeting, and does not obviate the need for adherence to corporate bylaws and General Corporation Law. Haft; Under Delaware corporation law, an interest sufficient to support an irrevocable proxy must either be an interest in the stock itself or an interest in the corporation generally, such as being CEO. Shareholders Litigation; The fiduciary duty of loyalty requires directors and officers to offer investment opportunities derived from corporate business to the corporation before acting on them individually. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act; Connect the inferences fraud Rule 10b-5. Securities and Exchange Commission; Because investors rely on the reputation, integrity, independence, and expertise of an underwriter, the underwriter has a obligation to investigate and disclose material facts. Despite a claim of innocence, the fifth amendment protection against self-incrimination is available to all those who have reasonable cause to apprehend danger from a direct answer. Perjury; criminal defendant is not deprived of the effective assistance of counsel when his lawyer admonishes him not to give perjured testimony and threatens to disclose to the court any false testimony the defendant may give.
Causes of divorce; divorce costs; divorce laws; divorce advice; divorce attorney; dissolution of marriage; division of marital assets; divorce separation agreement; dividing marital assets; dividing marital property. Allegations in the complaint, taken together, must give rise to an inference that the defendant acted with the requisite scienter of false statements, knowing. Leonard; determining relationship includes reasonable expectation of significant investor control, and not investment contract, courts look beyond formal terms of documents circumstances surrounding relationship.; passive. Ishopnomarkup.com, Inc; A Rule 506 exemption is not forfeited when the issuer of stock makes a good faith effort to comply with its disclosure requirements; advice of councel; exemption; good faith. The standard for determining whether a defendant is competent to waive the right to counsel and to enter a guilty plea is the same as the standard for determining whether the defendant is competent to stand trial.
Greenmail; interloper; standing; shareholder must have a proper purpose reasonably related to his interest as a stockholder and must further prove some credible evidence of wrongdoing sufficient to warrant continued investigation. 275 Madison Management Corp; A managing general partner of a limited partnership may be removed from the partnership by a limited partner if the managing partner's agent engages in fraudulent conduct. Irving; Where members of a limited liability partnership share no benefit with a partner accused of misconduct, have no direct supervision or control, and have no knowledge of the partner's misconduct, they are statutorily protected. Gursky; New York's Partnership Law provision limiting the personal liability of partners in an LLP does not shield a general partner in a registered LLP from personal liability for breaches of the partnership's or partners' obligations to each o Taghipour v. Sieg; Under Utah law, a sale of property is defined as the conveyance of title to the purchaser for a valuable consideration consisting of the purchase price, or contract of sale, whereby some estate in land passes. In the Matter of 1545 Ocean Avenue, LLC; A petitioner who seeks dissolution of an LLC must establish, in the operating agreement or articles of incorporation, that management is unable or unwilling to permit or promote the stated purpose. (Tyson I); Directors may not ask for shareholder approval of an incentive stock option plan and then later to distribute shares in such a way as to undermine the objectives of that plan. Gifford; The intentional violation of a shareholder approved stock option plan, coupled with fraudulent disclosures, constitutes conduct that is disloyal to the corporation and is therefore an act in bad faith. Shareholder Litigation; When the interests of common stockholders diverge from preferred stockholders, the directors of a corporation have a duty to exercise their discretion in favor of the interests of common stockholders. United States; When liability under Rule 10b-5 is predicated on a defendant's failure to disclose a material fact, positive proof of reliance is not a prerequisite to recovery. Corinthian Colleges, Inc.; A complaint for securities fraud must allege loss causation, so that the defendant is provided notice of what the relevant economic loss might be or the causal connection. Shareholder Litigation; Acquisition tender offer by a controlling shareholder must be non-coercive: non-waivable majority of the minority tender condition; consummate a prompt short-form merger; no retributive threats. Defendant possessed a firearm during enumerated offense. Pereira; joinder of offenses; joinder of criminal charges with multiple offenses is proper when the offenses charged are of similar character or are based on the same act or transaction or parts of a common scheme or plan. United States; For purposes of obtaining a fair trial, it is sufficient if the jurors can lay aside their impressions or opinions and render a verdict based on the evidence presented in court. King; taking and analyzing a cheek swab of the arrestee's DNA is, like fingerprinting and photographing, is a legitimate police booking procedure and is reasonable under the Four Amendment. Cruel and unusual punishment is an evolving doctrine and depends on the prevailing societal views of the relative punishment afforded to a specific crime.
Beneficial owner; rights offering; stockholders have records inspection rights after corporation merger; neither record holders nor beneficial holders need have an actual economic interest in stock to have inspection rights. Investment Co; A limited partner who is not also a general partner is not liable for the obligations of the limited partnership unless he takes part in the control of the business. Jerez; Under Utah law, documents that provide for the acquisition, mortgage, or disposition of property of the LLC are binding on the LLC if they are signed by a manager; limited liability company. In imposing new sentence upon defendant whose original sentence has been set aside, trial judge may consider events subsequent to first trial and may impose sentence that is greater or less than original sentence. Habeas corpus; ineffective assistance of counsel; nolo contendere. establishes a bank's standard of care for the processing of checks but does not preempt common law tort claims regarding communications about the processing of checks.
Many people don't know that ADHD is covered under both the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, section 504, and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).